Center for Composite Materials - University of Delaware

Model Validation

Quasi-Static Punch Shear Test (QS-PST)

Problem Description

The calibration of material properties is carried out by simulating the test circular plates (22 layers of woven S2-glass/SC-15 epoxy) using solid elements (single point integration) in LS-DYNA. The blunt steel punch (12.7 mm diameter and 50.8 mm height) is modeled as elastic material whereas the solid supports at top and bottom with circular cutouts are modeled using rigid elements. The plates are modeled with 22 layers of elements in the thickness direction and a fine mesh around the punch. A surface-to-surface contact has been defined between the upper (lower) supports and the plate. Eroding single surface contact has been defined between the steel punch and the composite plate. Fig. 1 shows the meshed models for plates with 25.4 mm and 101.6 mm diameter support span using quarter-plane symmetry. For models using MAT 162, interface element layers are defined by providing different orientation angles at specified interface layers. The material properties used in this simulation are presented in Table 1. Boundary conditions are set up with surface-to-surface contact between the upper and lower supports to the plate with ends unrestrained. Details can be found in Xiao et al., 2005.

ModelValidation_clip_image002_0001ModelValidation_clip_image002_0000

 

(a) 25.4mm span                                         (b) 101.6mm span

 

Fig. 1. Quarter-plate model for 25.4mm and 101.6mm span punch-shear tests

 

TABLE 1 : Material Properties and calibrated parameters for PW (5×5) S-2 Glass/SC15 Composite Laminates

MID

RO, kg/m^3

EA, GPa

EB, GPa

EC, GPa

PRBA

PRCA

PRCB

1

1.85E+03

27.5

27.5

11.8

0.11

0.18

0.18

GAB, Gpa

GBC, Gpa

GCA, Gpa

AOPT

2.9

2.14

2.14

2

XP

YP

ZP

A1

A2

A3

0

0

0

1

0

0

V1

V2

V3

D1

D2

D3

beta

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

SAT, MPa

SAC, MPa

SBT, MPa

SBC, MPa

SCT, MPa

SFC, MPa

SFS, MPa

SAB, MPa

604

291

604

291

58

850

300

75

SBC, MPa

SCA, MPa

SFFC

AMODEL

PHIC

E_LIMT

S_DELM

58

58

0.3

2

10

0.2

1.2

OMGMAX

ECRSH

EEXPN

CERATE1

AM1

0.999

0.001

4

0

2

AM2

AM3

AM4

CERATE2

CERATE3

CERATE4

2

0.5

0.2

0

0

0

 

Results

ModelValidation_clip_image002

(a) 25.4mm span

ModelValidation_clip_image004

(b)101.6mm span

Fig. 2. Simulated force-displacements of 25.4mm and 101.6mm span punch-shear tests

ModelValidation_clip_image002_0000

                                                                                                                                                                         (a) Experiment                          (b) Prediction

Fig. 3. Fiber tensile/shear failure at different punch displacements for 25.4 mm span

(a) Experiment: A – 0.7 mm, B – 1.27, C – 3.39, D – 5.71, E – 22.86

(b) Simulation: A – 0.6 mm, B- 1.20, C – 4.80, D – 9.00, E – 14.00

ModelValidation_clip_image002_0001

(a) Experiment                          (b) Prediction

Fig. 4. Fiber tensile/shear failure at different punch displacements for 101.6 mm span

(a) Experiment: F – 1.52 mm, G – 2.54, H – 8.89, I – 11.86, K – 25.4

(b) Simulation: F – 1.50 mm, G – 2.70, H – 9.00, I – 12.00, K – 16.2

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